Fracture of the zygomatic bone is a common fracture of the facial skeleton; the zygomatic bone forms the most anterolateral projection one on each side of the middle face. The zygomatic bone is attached to the maxilla at the zygomaticomaxillary(ZM) suture and alveolus forming the zygomaticomaxillary buttress.Dec 28, 2011
How long does it take for a zygomatic fracture to heal?
Las fracturas de pómulos rara vez se infectan, por lo que generalmente no necesitará antibióticos. La hinchazón y los moretones se pueden reducir usando compresas frías y durmiendo bien durante los primeros días. Incluso si tiene placas y tornillos para mantener el pómulo en su lugar, aún se necesita unas seis semanas para que el hueso se cure por completo.
What are the symptoms of zygomatic fracture?
Some signs and symptoms, such as flattening of the malar prominence, ecchymosis of the lids and conjunctiva, diplopia, anesthesia in the distribution of the infraorbital nerve, and mandibular trismus, have been described as characteristic of zygomatic complex fractures4,5.
What causes zygomatic fracture?
The most common cause of zygomatic fractures is altercado violento. This is then followed by motor vehicle accident (MVA). These fractures can also occur during falls or activities such as cycling or skiing.
¿Puede un pómulo fracturado curarse solo?
They will heal themselves over 3-6 weeks. want to bring the broken bones back into a normal alignment (called ‘reducing’ the fracture) and keep it/them in this place (called ‘fixing the fracture’), preventing further injury.
How is zygomatic fracture diagnosed?
Zygomatic arch fractures can be clinically difficult to diagnose as the only signs may be a dimple palpable on the arch, which may or may not be tender, and or a decreased range of mouth opening. The patient’s range of mouth opening should be greater than 30 mms.
Does a fractured cheekbone require surgery?
No operation is recommended when the cheekbone fracture is stable, undisplaced and without other complications to neighbouring structures. However, surgery is advised if there is a cosmetic defect or if it affects your daily function. The operation on the cheekbone is to: Ease the pain.
What do they do for a fractured cheekbone?
In general, fractures may be treated by performing a closed reduction (resetting the broken bone or bones without surgery) or an open reduction (surgery that requires an incision to reposition the fractured bones). For a complex fracture with multiple broken bones, you will need reconstructive surgery.
How do they fix a fractured cheekbone?
The patient is under anesthesia and cuts are made inside the mouth and if needed near the temple, eyebrow and lower eyelid. The cheekbone is repositioned, and metal plates and screws are used to hold it in place. These are used if necessary. Stitches are used in surgery to close the cuts.
¿Qué sucede si se daña el hueso cigomático?
Las fracturas del ZMC o del arco cigomático a menudo pueden conducir a depresión malar antiestética, que debe corregirse para restaurar un contorno facial normal. Las fracturas de ZMC también pueden causar problemas funcionales significativos, como trismo, enoftalmos y/o diplopía, y parestesias del nervio infraorbitario.
Can you feel a fractured cheekbone?
There is a nerve that runs through the cheekbone that supplies feeling to the cheek, the side of your nose, your upper lip, gum and teeth. This nerve may have been bruised at the time of the fracture and as a result you might already feel some tingling or numbness over your face.
What causes zygomatic pain?
Zygomatic arch pain is commonly reported by patients visiting the orofacial pain clinic and is majorly accepted to be caused by masseter muscle pain. But a variety of conditions may present as orofacial pain in the zygomatic arch region, including life-threatening diseases such as salivary gland tumors.
Can you break your zygomatic bone?
Fracture of the zygomatic bone is a common fracture of the facial skeleton; the zygomatic bone forms the most anterolateral projection one on each side of the middle face.
Where is the zygomatic bone located?
zygomatic bone, also called cheekbone, or malar bone, diamond-shaped bone below and lateral to the orbit, or eye socket, at the widest part of the cheek. It adjoins the frontal bone at the outer edge of the orbit and the sphenoid and maxilla within the orbit.
¿Todas las fracturas faciales requieren cirugía?
Often, a facial fracture may be left to heal on its own. No treatment may be necessary if the broken bones stay in a normal position, but injuries causing severe fractures may need to be surgically repaired.
¿Cómo sé si mi lesión en la nariz es grave?
Vaya al departamento de emergencias de un hospital de inmediato si presenta alguno de los siguientes signos o síntomas:
- Sangrado durante más de unos pocos minutos de una o ambas fosas nasales.
- Líquido claro que sale de la nariz.
- Otras lesiones en la cara o el cuerpo.
- Pérdida del conocimiento (desmayos)
- Dolores de cabeza intensos o persistentes.
What is a malar fracture?
The term malar complex fracture refers to a fracture which in its classic form primarily involves the suture lines of the zygomatic bone.
What is zygomatic arch?
zygomatic arch, bridge of bone extending from the temporal bone at the side of the head around to the maxilla (upper jawbone) in front and including the zygomatic (cheek) bone as a major portion.
What is an NOE fracture?
The nasoorbitoethmoidal (NOE) fracture refers to injuries involving the area of confluence of the nose, orbit, ethmoids, the base of the frontal sinus, and the floor of the anterior cranial base. The area includes the insertion of the medial canthal tendon(s).
¿Qué es el traumatismo maxilofacial?
Maxillofacial trauma is any injury to the face or jaws. Facial trauma may present with skin lacerations, burns, obstruction to the nasal cavity or sinuses, damage to the orbital (eye) sockets, fracture to the jawbone, and missing or broken teeth.
What doctor treats facial fractures?
Cirujanos orales y maxilofaciales are doctors who are trained to handle different types of facial injuries, including various types of fractures. They can give you the right reconstructive and sometimes rehabilitative procedures to ensure you get the best long-term results.
Can you bruise a bone in your face?
The discoloration appears as blood and other fluids build up. A fracture, on the other hand, involves damage to a deeper area of bone. It’s possible to bruise any bone, but it’s more likely to happen to bones that are close to your skin’s surface.
What causes zygomatic swelling?
The so-called zygomatic mastoiditis is caused by the spread of suppurative otomastoiditis into the zygomatic root via air cells. Zygomatic mastoiditis was quite commonly reported until the 1920s and 1930s . However, this form of mastoiditis has been rarely reported by contemporary otologists [2,3].
Why is my cheekbone hurting?
You may have a sinus infection, a tooth abscess, temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD), periodontal disease, a nerve condition or other medical conditions. If you’re experiencing severe pain, your doctor can help determine the underlying cause.
What is the function of the zygomatic bone?
The zygomatic bone functions as a structure which joins the bones of the face while protecting the arteries, nerves, veins, and organs which lie below the surface. The arches of the zygomatic bone provide a person’s cheeks with the structure to fill out the face.
What are the 3 surfaces of the zygomatic bone?
The zygomatic bone has three surfaces: lateral, posteromedial and orbital. The lateral (facial) surface faces towards the outside. It is smooth and convex, and it features a small opening called the zygomaticofacial foramen.
What are the three processes of the zygomatic bone?
The three processes are: Zygomatic process of frontal bone from the frontal bone. Zygomatic process of maxilla from the maxilla (malar process) Zygomatic process of temporal bone from the temporal bone.
What is the bridge of the nose bone called?
The nasal bones are two oblong halves that meet to form the bridge of your nose. The nasofrontal suture, which is a rigid fibrous joint that connects the two halves of the nasal bones, forms the thickest part of the nose.